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Photographers From The Past

27th September 2011

Need Some Inspiration? Look To The Past

Every photographer needs a boost of inspiration once in awhile. Perhaps there is no better way to get some needed inspiration than to look at the work of the great photographers of the past.

You may wonder why you should look at their photography. One simple reason is that we can learn from their work. They had to be good photographers. After all, we still view, respect and admire it today. Consider the equipment they were using at the time. And many didn’t have the advantage of learning from earlier photographers because they were among the first.

They grappled with exposure, lighting and shutter speed – the same things we tackle today with our digital photography. We can learn about photographic techniques – composition, mood, lighting, etc., from these early photographers that we may have not considered beforehand.

One name that is on everyone’s list is Ansel Adams.


“The Tetons – Snake River” by Ansel Adams, Wyoming, 1942 (Photographer: Ansel Adams | Courtesy U.S. National Archives)

Furthermore, there are many different styles of photography available. You can think of a favorite news photographer, sports photographer, fashion photographer, nature photographer and so on.

Where can you find these photographs?

The federal government is the best place to start because many of these photographs are in the public domain. I recommend visiting the National Archives website (www.archives.gov). They have a wonderful section called “Picturing The Century” with several galleries and exhibits (www.archives.gov/exhibits/picturing_the_century/galleries/newcent.html#).

Another website is the “Prints & Photographs Online Catalog” section at the U.S. Library of Congress (www.loc.gov/pictures/)

Why not check out the work of the famous early photographers? The following are some photographers and their work I came across while visiting these websites.

Dorothea Lange (1895-1965)

Even if you’re not familiar with her name, you’ve probably seen Dorothea Lange’s photographs.


Migrant Mother is arguably one of the most recognized photographs taken during the Great Depression. (Photographer: Dorothea Lange | Courtesy U.S. Library of Congress)

She was born in Hoboken, New Jersey. She became a photographer when she was eighteen years old at a time when there weren’t many women photographers. She, however, became one of the most influential American documentary photographers and photojournalists.

She’s best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). She brought out the despair, suffering and hopelessness that people endured throughout the Great Depression but with a compassionate and caring way. Her work had a tremendous influence on the development of documentary photography and continues to influence photographers today.


Photograph near Edison, Kern County California showing a young migratory mother originally from Texas. On the day before Lange took this photograph on April 11, 1940, the woman and her husband traveled thirty-five miles each way to pick peas. Each worked five hours and earned a combined $2.25. They and their two young children live in auto camp.” (Photographer: Dorothea Lange | Courtesy U.S. National Archives)

George Ackerman (1884-1962)

George Ackerman began working as a photographer for the Bureau of Plant Industry in 1910 and later worked for the Federal Extension Service in 1917. He photographed rural life as he traveled across the United States during his years working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The total number of photographs that George W. Ackerman took in his years with the U.S. Department of Agriculture will never been known but it’s quite possible that’s more than 50,000 photographs. (One reason the total will never be known is that his photographs appeared in many private and government agricultural publications, but he wasn’t always given credit for them.) Although 50,000 photographs over forty years may not seem like many in our digital photography age, keep in mind this was years before digital and the equipment he used was large and cumbersome.


Photograph called simply “Farmer Reading His Farm Paper” in Coryell County, Texas, September 1931 (Photographer: George W. Ackerman | Courtesy U.S. National Archives)

Walter Lubken (1881-1960)

Walter J. Lubken is another photographer to take thousands of photographs after he was hired by the federal government. Lubken served as the official photographer from 1903 to 1917 for the United States Reclamation Service (USRS).
He carefully photographed over two dozen irrigation projects as well as other government sponsored projects throughout the western United States. This is very impressive when you consider that he had to travel with his large camera, glass-plate negatives and other supplies.

In addition to the irrigation projects, the USPS also asked Lubken to photograph the towns and fars near the irrigation projects. The USRS was preparing a series of articles that were to encourage people ot settle on land reclaimed from the desert through irrigation.

Lubken left professional photography after completing his work for the USRS but went back into photography in a big way in the 1930s when he photographed the building of Boulder Dam (now called Hoover Dam) near Las Vegas, Nevada.


This photograph of the Boise Irrigation Project in Idaho and Oregon shows workers testing the subsurface by drilling with diamond drills. The photograph was taken in August 1910 (Photographer: Walter J. Lubken | Courtesy U.S. National Archives)

Lewis Hine (1874-1940)

Lewis Hine was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin and studied sociology at the University of Chicago, Columbia University and New York University. He used his cameras to help improve social reform in the United States.

He became the photographer for the National Child Labor Committee (NCLC) in 1908. Hine photographed and documented child labor in American industry for the next several years to help the NCLC’s lobbying efforts to end the practice.

His photographs, such as the following, were critical in changing the child labor laws in the United States.


This photograph is of ten-year old Rose Biodo from Philadelphia. She carried berries, two pecks at a time near Whites Bog, Brown Mills, N.J. The photograph was taken on September 28, 1910, which means school has already started but the people remained there for two more weeks. (Photographer: Lewis Hine | Courtesy U.S. National Archives)

Danny Lyon

Unlike the other photographers in this article, Danny Lyon (1942-) is still shooting photographs today and is one of the most original documentary photographers of the late 20th century.
Lyon grew up in a middle-class section of New York City and became interested in photography when he was seventeen years old. He studied history at the University of Chicago and in 1962 joined the civil rights movement. He soon became a staff photographer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).


Photograph of a grave marker in a smelter cemetery near South El Paso, Texas, July 1972. The Asarco Smelter Works is shown in the background. This is the cemetery is provided for employees (Photographer: Danny Lyon | Courtesy U.S. National Archives)

You’ll find many more photographs, galleries and exhibits at both the National Archives and the Library of Congress websites. In addition to many recognized photographers are “unknown” photographers whose work we can still enjoy today.

I hope you can spend a lot of time looking through the work of some of the great photographers of past decades. Maybe we can all gain some inspiration from these masters.

Written by Scott Slaughter


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Summer travel log

05th September 2011

what we saw – presented in pictures

 

My wife Kris and I just returned from our summer vacation – this time with two of our grandkids. We drove 2100 miles from Grand Rapids, Michigan to Reno, Nevada to visit four of our children and five other grandkids. Then we drove back home, another 2100 miles.

However, this article isn’t about our mini family reunion. Rather it’s about the return from Nevada across the mid-section of the USA and what we saw through the windshield.

For those of you who have yet to see some of the sights of the West, I recorded our trip home on film. Most of the pictures were taken from inside the auto.



We saw a lot of sim-tractor trailers out on the interstate. Here’s a familiar triple.

The high plains of Nevada is vast and dry. Here’s a dust devil.

The interstate highway traverses mountainous terrain. Here you can see how the road winds to conform to the hilly surfaces.

A huge letter on the hillside is used to identify a nearby town to passing aircraft. Here the letter “C” shows pilots that they are passing Carlin, Nevada.

To the best of my recollection there are only two tunnels on I-80. Here’s one of them cutting through a Nevada mountain.

On the western border of Utah are the famed Bonneville salt flats. Here the two grandkids are collecting salt as a souvenir.

Right in the middle of the Utah desert (far from any town) is this sculpture that someone constructed years ago. It’s known as the “Tree of Utah”.

With all of the salt flats and lake (Salt Lake) nearby, there’s a lot of salt processing taking place. Here’s a giant salt pile being readied for salt shakers around the world.

As we were on a tight schedule to return home, the only visit that we had of Salt Lake City this time was through the windshield.

The scenery from the driver’s seat is gorgeous when viewing the extensive mountainous areas of western Wyoming.

Wyoming is known for its vast natural resources including oil. The town of Sinclair is essentially a refinery with a railyard that serves to transport petroleum products far and wide.

Look to the left and you’ll see a very long freight train such as this one making its way across the Wyoming landscape. The trains are a common sight and speak to our nation’s immense transportation infrastructure.

You’ll often see small pumpjacks such as these scattered on the plains. These devices are used to extract oil from low pressure wells.

The west has been harnessing wind energy for several decades. There are large windmill farms in Nevada, Wyoming, Nebraska, Iowa and Illinois.

For the outdoor sports enthusiasts among you, this is Cabella’s world headquarter in Sydney, Nebraska

Of course we were treated to great weather, blue skies and gorgeous clouds along the way.

We passed a military convoy unlike we’ve ever seen before. There were twenty or so federal security vehicles and a helicopter escorting a single semi-tractor trailer. Maybe it was a secret weapon???

When you reach Kearney, Nebraska, you’ll pass through the “Archway” which is built over the Interstate. In all my trips out west, I’ve yet to stop there.

For the grandkids, the highlight of the long drive home was a meal at this place in Geneva, Illinois. Need I say more?

 


Over the years, I’ve made several dozen similar cross country trips so I’m familiar with many of the sights along the way.

Yet I always seem to find new and interesting places and things to record along the way.

No, the inside of the car is not the best way to enjoy the USA. This time we traveled to take part in the mini-family reunion in Reno so we dispensed with the sightseeing.

But I did take a few snapshots as a reminder of some of the places that we still want to visit when we’re less pressed for time.

 

 

Written by Arnie Lee

 


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